How to speak Persian

Persian, also called Farsi is a language as beautiful as its region of origin. Persian language opens the way to the Iranian culture. Learning Persian essential phrases will give you a kick-start in speaking Persian. Like anything else, you’ll have to learn some basics first. It’s good to know some essential Persian phrases if you’re travelling to Iran. Persian is mainly spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and countries which historically were under Persian influence.

Essential

English

Persian How to read

Hello

سلام

درود

Salām

Doroud

Good Morning

صبح بخیر Sobh Be Kheir

Good Evening

عصر بخیر Asr Be Kheir

Goodbye

خداحافظ

Khodāhāfez

See you later تا بعد

Ta ba’d

Yes

بله

Bale

No

نه Na

Excuse me!

لطفاً Lotfan

Thanks

ممنون Mamnoon
Thanks a lot خیلی ممنون

Kheili mamnoon

Thank you for your help ممنون از کمکتون

Mamnoon az komaketoun

Don’t mention it

خواهش می کنم Khāhesh mikonam

Ok

باشه Bāshe
How much is it? قیمت این چنده؟

Gheymate in chande?

Sorry! ببخشید

Bebakhshid

I don’t understand

نمی فهمم Nemifahmam

I get it

فهمیدم Fahmidam
I don’t know نمیدونم

Nemidounam

Forbidden ممنوع

Mamnoo

Excuse me, where are the toilets?

ببخشید دستشویی کجاست؟ Bebakhshid dastshooei kojāst?

Happy New Year!

سال نو مبارک Sale no mobārak
Happy birthday! تولدت مبارک

Tavalodet mobārak

Happy holiday! عیدت مبارک

Eidat mobārak

Congratulations! مبارک باشه

Mobārak Bāshe

Useful phrases:

Learn essential sentences and study phrases that you will commonly use when speaking Persian. Learning words in the context of sentences and conversation helps you with remembering them.

Conversation

English

Persian How to read

Hello. How are you?

سلام. چطوری؟ Salām. Chetouri?

Hello. I’m fine, thank you

سلام. خوبم. ممنون Salām. Khobam. Mamnoon.

Only a little bit

فقط یه کم

Faghat ye kam

Where do you come from? اهل کدوم کشوری؟ا

Ahle kodoum keshvari?

What is your nationality? ملیتت چیه؟

Meliatet chie?

And you, do you live here?

تو هم اینجا زندگی میکنی؟ To ham injā zendegi mokoni?

Yes, I live here

آره اینجا زندگی میکنم. Are injā zendegi mikonam

My name is Sarah, what’s your name?

اسم من ساراست. اسم تو چیه؟

Esme man Sara ast. Esme to chie?

What are you doing here? اینجا چیکار میکنی؟

Injā chikar mikoni?

I am on holiday اومدم تعطیلات

Oumadam tatilāt

We are on holiday

اومدیم تعطیلات Oumadim tatilāt
I am on a business trip سفر کاری اومدم

Safar kāri oumadam

I work here

اینجا کار میکنم Inja kār mikonam
We work here اینجا کار میکنیم

Inja kār mikonim

Where are the good places to go out and eat?

کجاها میشه یه غذای خوب خورد؟

Kojāhā mishe ye ghazaye khob khord?

Is there a museum in the neighborhood?

این اطراف موزه هست؟ In atrāf mooze hast?
Where could I get an internet connection? کجا می تونم به اینترنت وصل شم؟

Kojā mitounam be internet vasl besham?

 

Time

English

Persian How to read
Day روز Rooz
Night شب Shab
Yesterday ديروز DeeRooz
Today امروز emRoozEmRooz
Tomorrow فردا faRdāFaRdā
Week هفته haftehHafteh
Month ماه mMāaah
Year سال sālSāl
Second ثانيه sāneeyeSāneeye
Minute دقيقه daqeeqeDaqeeqe
Hour ساعت sā’atSā’at
Morning صبح sobhSobh
Evening عصر ‘asrAsr
Noon ظهر zohrZohr
Afternoon بعد از ظهر ba’ad Ba’d az zohr
Midnight نصف شب nesf Nesf-e shab
Now اکنون – حالا aknoonAknoon – Hālā
Later بعداً ba’danBa’dan

 

Weekday

English

Persian How to read
Saturday شنبه Shanbe
Sunday یکشنبه Yek shanbe
Monday دوشنبه Do shanbe
Tuesday سه شنبه Seh shanbe
Wednesday چهارشنبه Chehār shenebeh
Thursday پنج شنبه Panj shanbeh
Friday جمعه Jom’e

Note: Persian week starts on Saturday and Friday is weekend.

Numbers

Number Persian How to read Number Persian How to read
0 صفر Sefr 17 هفده Hef-Dah
1 یک Yek 18 هجده Hej-Dah
2 دو Do 19 نوزده Nooz-Dah
3 سه Se 20 بیست Bieest
4 چهار Chahāaar 30 سی Siee
5 پنج Panj 40 چهل Chehel
6 شش Shesh 50 پنجاه Panjāh
7 هفت Haft 60 شصت Shast
8 هشت Hasht 70 هفتاد Haftād
9 نه Noh 80 هشتاد Hashtād
10 ده Dah 90 نود Navad
11 یازده Yāz-Dah 100 صد SādSad
12 دوازده Davāz-Dah 1,000 هزار Hezār
13 سیزده SeezSiz-Dah 10,000 ده هزار Dah -Hezār
14 چهارده Chāahāar-Dah 50,000 صد پنجاه هزار Panjāh Sad Hezār
15 پانزده Pāanz-Dah 100,000 صد هزار Sad Hezār
16 شانزده Shāanz-Dah 1,000,000 یک میلیون Yek Milion

 

Address

English

Persian How to read
Street خیابان Khiyabaan
Alley کوچه Kouche
Market سوپر مارکت Souper maarket
Restaurant رستوران Restouran
Drugstore داروخانه Daaroukhaneh
Hospital بیمارستان Bimaarestaan
Fire station آتش نشانی Atashneshaani
Police پلیس Police

 

Meal

English

Persian How to read

Vegetarian

گیاه خوار Giyah khaar

Breakfast

صبحانه sobhaneh

Lunch

ناهار nahar

Dinner

شام sham
Snack میان وعده

Miyan vadeh

Delicious خوشمزه

Khoshmaze

distasteful food بد مزه

Bad maze

 

Colors

English

Persian How to read

Black

مشکی meshki
white سفید

sefid

yellow

زرد zard
red قرمز

ghermez

blue

آبی aabi

green

سبز

sabz

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